Cardiac resynchronization therapy with and without implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.
Circ J. 2009 Jun;73 Suppl A:A29-35
Authors: Shimizu A
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is recommended to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with New York Heart Association class III/IV, who are symptomatic despite optimal medical therapy, and who had a reduced left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction and electrical dyssynchrony. The effects of CRT are reflected mainly by the degree and location of dyssynchrony and by working in insertion of optimal LV lead site. Echocardiography and Doppler echocardiography are considered to be good tools to measure LV dyssynchrony directly. However, the large randomized trials have shown that no single echocardiographic measure of dyssynchrony is recommended to improve patient selection for CRT beyond current guidelines. There were several unsolved issues on CRT, such as patient selection, electrical or electromechanical dyssynchrony criteria to patients for CRT, indication of patients with a narrow or slightly prolonged QRS width, indication of patients with atrial fibrillation, and indication of patients with mild heart failure or asymptomatic LV dysfunction, and device selection; CRT alone (CRT-P) or CRT in combination with implantable cardioverter therapy (CRT-D). This review paper summarized the concept of therapy, the current evidence regarding the indications, effectiveness and safety of CRT-P and CRT-D in patients with LV dysfunction, and unsolved issues. (Circ J 2009; Suppl A: A-29-A-35).
PMID: 19474508 [PubMed - in process]