Triple therapy in hospitalized patients: Facts and controversies.
J Hosp Med. 2011 Mar 3;
Authors: Srour JF, Smetana GW
The use of triple therapy (warfarin plus dual antiplatelet therapy) has increased in recent years due to an aging population with a higher risk for atrial fibrillation, as well as the increased use of coronary stents for acute coronary syndromes. Triple therapy confers a higher bleeding risk than either warfarin or dual antiplatelet therapy alone. However, warfarin alone is inadequate for patients with indications for triple therapy because of an unacceptable risk of stent thrombosis, and dual antiplatelet therapy is inferior to warfarin for the prevention of ischemic strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation, mechanical valves, or intraventricular thrombosis. Hospitalists face the challenge of balancing the aforementioned risks; the optimal management of these patients requires knowledge of the relevant literature and expertise. In this paper, we review the current literature on antiplatelet and anticoagulant combinations in patients with atrial fibrillation and coronary stents in order to improve adherence to published guidelines and to reduce the risk of bleeding. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2011;. © 2011 Society of Hospital Medicine.
PMID: 21374797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]