A Comparative Look at the Safety Profiles of Intravenous Iron Products Used in the Hemodialysis Population (February).
Ann Pharmacother. 2011 Feb 8;
Authors: Coppol E, Shelly J, Cheng S, Kaakeh Y, Shepler B
OBJECTIVE: To review clinical trials conducted in hemodialysis patients of the 4 intravenous iron products available in the US in an attempt to discern strengths and inferiorities between products and evaluate current safety data that can be used to assist the clinician in selecting the most appropriate agent. DATA SOURCES: Literature was accessed through PubMed (January 2000-October 2010). In some cases, reference citations from selected review articles were evaluated as well. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Clinical trials published in the English language were selected using the search terms iron dextran, iron sucrose, sodium ferric gluconate, and ferumoxytol. Studies were further pared down to include only those enrolling hemodialysis patients. DATA SYNTHESIS: There are currently 4 intravenous iron formulations in the US used to treat iron-deficiency anemia in hemodialysis patients. Ferumoxytol has not yet been directly compared to the other 3 agents. Eight studies have been conducted in hemodialysis patients directly comparing iron dextran, iron sucrose, and/or sodium ferric gluconate. These studies were further categorized for evaluation based on iron products compared. Four studies directly compared iron dextran to iron sucrose, 1 study compared iron dextran to sodium ferric gluconate, 1 study compared iron sucrose to sodium ferric gluconate, and 2 studies compared all 3 agents. Of the 3 agents, iron dextran appears to have the least favorable safety profile, while iron sucrose appears most favorable. CONCLUSIONS: The newest intravenous iron product, ferumoxytol, has not been directly compared to the other 3 agents. Large well-controlled studies of these products specifically in the hemodialysis population would further help clinicians determine appropriate therapy. Iron sucrose appears to offer the most favorable safety profile when compared to iron dextran and sodium ferric gluconate in treating hemodialysis patients. Oxidative stress and hypersensitivity reactions are common problems encountered when administering intravenous iron.
PMID: 21304025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]