Intra-hospital transfers to a higher level of care: Contribution to total hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) mortality and length of stay (LOS).
J Hosp Med. 2010 Dec 17;
Authors: Escobar GJ, Greene JD, Gardner MN, Marelich GP, Quick B, Kipnis P
BACKGROUND:: Patients who experience intra-hospital transfers to a higher level of care (eg, ward to intensive care unit [ICU]) are known to have high mortality. However, these findings have been based on single-center studies or studies that employ ICU admissions as the denominator. OBJECTIVE:: To employ automated bed history data to examine outcomes of intra-hospital transfers using all hospital admissions as the denominator. DESIGN:: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING:: A total of 19 acute care hospitals. PATIENTS:: A total of 150,495 patients, who experienced 210,470 hospitalizations, admitted to these hospitals between November 1st, 2006 and January 31st, 2008. MEASUREMENTS:: Predictors were age, sex, admission type, admission diagnosis, physiologic derangement on admission, and pre-existing illness burden; outcomes were: 1) occurrence of intra-hospital transfer, 2) death following admission to the hospital, 3) death following transfer, and 4) total hospital length of stay (LOS). RESULTS:: A total of 7,868 hospitalizations that began with admission to either a general medical surgical ward or to a transitional care unit (TCU) had at least one transfer to a higher level of care. These hospitalizations constituted only 3.7% of all admissions, but accounted for 24.2% of all ICU admissions, 21.7% of all hospital deaths, and 13.2% of all hospital days. Models based on age, sex, preadmission laboratory test results, and comorbidities did not predict the occurrence of these transfers. CONCLUSIONS:: Patients transferred to higher level of care following admission to the hospital have excess mortality and LOS. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2010;. © 2010 Society of Hospital Medicine.
PMID: 21170939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]