Lack of effect of statins on maintenance of normal sinus rhythm following electrical cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation.
Int J Clin Pract. 2010 Jul;64(8):1116-20
Authors: Bhardwaj A, Sood NA, Kluger J, Coleman CI
Summary Randomised controlled trials evaluating the effect of statin use on maintenance of normal sinus rhythm (NSR) after electrical cardioversion (ECV) of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) have demonstrated conflicting results. However, many of these trials were of relatively small size and thus underpowered to adequately evaluate this end-point. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta analysis evaluating the effect of statin use on maintenance of NSR after ECV of persistent AF. Randomised controlled trials evaluating the use of statins to maintain NSR after ECV of AF were identified through a systematic search including Medline (1950 through December 2009), the Cochrane CENTRAL Register (4th quarter, 2009) and a manual review of references without any language restrictions. Pooled estimates of effect are reported as relative risks (RRs) with accompanying 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a random-effects model. Four trials (n = 424; range: 48-212) were identified and subject to meta analysis. Evaluated statins included atorvastatin 10 and 80 mg and pravastatin 40 mg/day. Over a mean of 2.1 months (range: 1-3 months) statins did not increase the likelihood of maintaining NSR following ECV (RR, 1.12; 95%CI, 0.85-1.46) compared with control. Current evidence does not suggest that statins are associated with an increased probability of maintaining NSR following ECV of persistent AF.
PMID: 20642710 [PubMed - in process]