Nosocomial pneumonia: importance of the oral environment.
J Bras Pneumol. 2009 Nov;35(11):1116-24
Authors: Amaral SM, CortÃªs Ade Q, Pires FR
Nosocomial pneumonia, especially ventilator-associated pneumonia, is a common infection in ICUs. The main etiologic factors involve colonizing and opportunistic bacteria from the oral cavity. Oral hygiene measures, including the use of oral antiseptic agents, such as chlorhexidine, have proven useful in reducing its incidence. The objective of this article was to review the literature on the importance of the oral environment in the development of nosocomial pneumonia.
PMID: 20011848 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]