Effect of Intensive Statin Therapy on Clinical Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Coronary Syndrome PCI-PROVE IT: A PROVE IT-TIMI 22 (Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 22) Substudy.
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Dec 8;54(24):2290-5
Authors: Gibson CM, Pride YB, Hochberg CP, Sloan S, Sabatine MS, Cannon CP,
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this analysis was to determine whether intensive statin therapy, compared with moderate-dose statin therapy, leads to a reduction in major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). BACKGROUND: When compared with moderate-dose statins, intensive statin therapy reduces MACE among patients with ACS. The role of intensive statin therapy specifically among patients who undergo PCI for ACS is unknown. METHODS: Outcomes were compared in 2,868 patients who underwent PCI for ACS just prior to enrollment in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 (Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 22) trial, which randomized patients to either atorvastatin 80 mg or pravastatin 40 mg daily. The incidence of the primary composite end point of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, unstable angina leading to hospitalization, and revascularization after 30 days and stroke was evaluated, as was the incidence of target vessel revascularization (TVR) and non-TVR during follow-up. RESULTS: Treatment with 80 mg atorvastatin reduced the incidence of the composite end point (21.5% vs. 26.5%, hazard ratio: 0.78, 95% confidence interval: 0.67 to 0.91, p = 0.002) and lowered the incidence of both TVR (11.4% vs. 15.4%, p = 0.001) and non-TVR (8.0% vs. 10.5%, p = 0.017) compared with 40 mg pravastatin. After adjusting for on-treatment serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and C-reactive protein concentrations, the odds of TVR with high-dose statin therapy remained significant (odds ratio: 0.74, p = 0.015) while the odds of non-TVR did not (odds ratio: 0.92, p = 0.55). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with ACS who undergo PCI, intensive statin therapy reduces MACE compared with moderate-dose statin therapy. The reduction in the incidence of TVR was independent of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and C-reactive protein lowering and may therefore be due, at least in part, to a pleiotropic effect of high-dose statin therapy. (PROVE IT-TIMI 22; NCT00382460).
PMID: 19958964 [PubMed - in process]