Association of Blood Pressure at Hospital Discharge With Mortality in Patients Diagnosed With Heart Failure.
Circ Heart Fail. 2009 Nov 1;2(6):616-623
Authors: Lee DS, Ghosh N, Floras JS, Newton GE, Austin PC, Wang X, Liu PP, Stukel TA, Tu JV
BACKGROUND: Higher blood pressure in acute heart failure has been associated with improved survival; however, the relationship between blood pressure and survival in stabilized patients at hospital discharge has not been established. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 7448 patients with heart failure (75.2+/-11.5 years; 49.9% men) discharged from the hospital in Ontario, Canada, we examined the association of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure with long-term survival. Parametric survival analysis was performed, and survival time ratios were determined according to discharge blood pressure group. A total of 25 427 person-years of follow-up were examined. In those with left ventricular ejection fraction </=40%, median survival was decreased by 17% (survival time ratio, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.71 to 0.98; P=0.029) when discharge SBP was 100 to 119 mm Hg and decreased by 23% (survival time ratio, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.97; P=0.024) when discharge SBP was <100 mm Hg, compared with those in the reference range of 120 to 139 mm Hg. Survival time ratios were 0.75 (95% CI, 0.60 to 0.92; P=0.007) and 0.75 (95% CI, 0.53 to 1.07; P=0.12) when discharge SBPs were 140 to 159 and >/=160 mm Hg, respectively. In those with left ventricular ejection fraction >40%, survival time ratios were 0.69 (95% CI, 0.51 to 0.93), 0.83 (95% CI, 0.71 to 0.99), 0.95 (95% CI, 0.80 to 1.14), and 0.76 (95% CI, 0.61 to 0.95) for discharge SBPs <100, 100 to 119, 140 to 159, and >/=160 mm Hg, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this long-term population-based study of patients with heart failure, the association of discharge SBP with mortality followed a U-shaped distribution. Survival was shortened in those with reduced or increased values of discharge SBP.
PMID: 19919987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]