Telavancin: A Novel Lipoglycopeptide.
Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Nov 13;
Authors: Saravolatz LD, Stein GE, Johnson LB
Telavancin, a derivative of vancomycin, is a lipoglycopeptide antibiotic that has been shown to be effective for the treatment of complicated skin and skin-structure infections. It has also been effective in the treatment of gram-positive pneumonia. This antibiotic has a dual mechanism of action by inhibiting peptidoglycan synthesis and causing membrane depolarization. Telavancin is consistently active against Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus, vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus, linezolid-resistant S. aureus, and daptomycin-nonsusceptible strains. The drug is usually administrated intravenously at 10 mg/kg every 24 h. Telavancin is excreted by the kidneys, and thus, dosage adjustments are required in cases of renal failure. Clinical trials have demonstrated non-inferiority, compared with vancomycin, in the treatment of complicated skin and skin-structure infections and pneumonia. Telavancin is associated with higher rates of renal events, altered taste, nausea, and vomiting but lesser rates of pruritus and infusion-related events, compared with vancomycin.
PMID: 19911938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]