Oxcarbazepine in combination with Tiaprid in inpatient alcohol-withdrawal--a RCT.
Pharmacopsychiatry. 2009 Sep;42(5):175-81
Authors: Croissant B, Loeber S, Diehl A, Nakovics H, Wagner F, Kiefer F, Mann K
INTRODUCTION: Oxcarbazepine (OXC), a derivative of Carbamazepine (CBZ), may represent a solution to metabolic and side effects of CBZ treatment due to the fact that renal excretion is its major route of elimination. The goal of the study is to compare the efficacy and tolerability of OXC/Tiaprid (TIA) combination therapy to the well established Clomethiazole (CLO) therapy in an inpatient setting. METHODS: To investigate the efficacy of OXC/TIA in terms of lower alcohol withdrawal symptoms and better tolerability, 56 alcohol-dependent patients participated in a randomized open-label trial, where OXC/TIA and CLO treatments were compared. RESULTS: Following admission, we observed that severity of alcohol withdrawal syndrome was comparable between OXC/TIA and CLO-patients. Overall tolerability was good. However, significantly more patients in the OXC/TIA-group (48.1%) displayed no AE compared to the CLO-group (24.1%). We found no significant differences between groups regarding total number of recorded adverse events (AEs). DISCUSSION: OXC/TIA inpatient therapy proved to be as effective and participants demonstrated the same tolerance as with CLO. In medication-based alcohol withdrawal, OXC/TIA could have the potential to become a promising alternative for alcohol dependent patients unable to undergo inpatient withdrawal therapy with CLO. Our findings further indicate that it could be worthwhile testing OXC/TIA in alcohol withdrawal in daily care units and outpatient settings. This is an important question for national health care services, since outpatient therapy is more and more asked for as alternative to inpatient settings.
PMID: 19724979 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]