Myocardial salvage through coronary collateral growth by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in chronic coronary artery disease: a controlled randomized trial.
Circulation. 2009 Oct 6;120(14):1355-63
Authors: Meier P, Gloekler S, de Marchi SF, Indermuehle A, Rutz T, Traupe T, Steck H, Vogel R, Seiler C
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for coronary collateral growth promotion and thus impending myocardial salvage has not been studied so far, to our best knowledge. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 52 patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease, age 62+/-11 years, the effect on a marker of myocardial infarct size (ECG ST segment elevation) and on quantitative collateral function during a 1-minute coronary balloon occlusion was tested in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind fashion. The study protocol before coronary intervention consisted of occlusive surface and intracoronary lead ECG recording as well as collateral flow index (CFI, no unit) measurement in a stenotic and a > or =1 normal coronary artery before and after a 2-week period with subcutaneous G-CSF (10 microg/kg; n=26) or placebo (n=26). The CFI was determined by simultaneous measurement of mean aortic, distal coronary occlusive, and central venous pressure. The ECG ST segment elevation >0.1 mV disappeared significantly more often in response to G-CSF (11/53 vessels; 21%) than to placebo (0/55 vessels; P=0.0005), and simultaneously, CFI changed from 0.121+/-0.087 at baseline to 0.166+/-0.086 at follow-up in the G-CSF group, and from 0.152+/-0.082 to 0.131+/-0.071 in the placebo group (P<0.0001 for interaction of treatment and time). The absolute change in CFI from baseline to follow-up amounted to +0.049+/-0.062 in the G-CSF group and to -0.010+/-0.060 in the placebo group (P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Subcutaneous G-CSF is efficacious during a short-term protocol in improving signs of myocardial salvage by coronary collateral growth promotion.
PMID: 19770393 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]