Rivaroxaban: an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor for the prevention of thromboembolism.
Cardiol Rev. 2009 Jul-Aug;17(4):192-7
Authors: Chen T, Lam S
Rivaroxaban is a novel oral direct factor Xa inhibitor. It is currently awaiting approval from the US Food and Drug Administration as a prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in total knee and hip replacements. Based on phase II and III trials, rivaroxaban has been shown to be as efficacious, if not more, as traditional antithrombotic therapy with similar safety profiles. The Regulation of Coagulation in Major Orthopedic Surgery Reducing the Risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism (RECORD) phase III trials have shown rivaroxaban 10 mg once daily to be superior to the low molecular weight heparin, enoxaparin, when used for prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism in orthopedic surgeries. Rivaroxaban has been shown to have tolerable adverse effects and a low potential for drug-drug or drug-food interactions. It has the major advantages of once daily oral dosing and no required laboratory monitoring, giving it the potential to replace current antithrombotics in the market today.
PMID: 19525681 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]