Disorders of cranial nerves IX and X.
Semin Neurol. 2009 Feb;29(1):85-92
Authors: Erman AB, Kejner AE, Hogikyan ND, Feldman EL
The glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves mediate the complex interplay between the many functions of the upper aerodigestive tract. Defects may occur anywhere from the brainstem to the peripheral nerve and can result in significant impairment in speech, swallowing, and breathing. Multiple etiologies can produce symptoms. In this review, the authors broadly examine the normal functions, clinical examination, and various pathologies of cranial nerves IX and X.
PMID: 19214937 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]