Clinical cure of ventilator-associated pneumonia treated with piperacillin/tazobactam administered by continuous or intermittent infusion.
Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2009 May;33(5):464-8
Authors: Lorente L, Jiménez A, Martín MM, Iribarren JL, Jiménez JJ, Mora ML
The standard mode of administration of piperacillin treatment is by intermittent infusion. However, continuous infusion may be advantageous as beta-lactam antibiotics exhibit time-dependent antibacterial activity. In previous studies, we found a higher rate of clinical cure of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) by continuous infusion rather than intermittent infusion of meropenem and ceftazidime. Therefore, the objective of this historical cohort study was to establish the clinical efficacy of piperacillin/tazobactam (PIP/TAZ) administered by continuous and intermittent infusion in the treatment of VAP in patients without renal failure. Logistic regression analysis showed a higher probability of clinical cure of VAP by continuous compared with intermittent infusion when the microorganism responsible for VAP had a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 8 microg/mL [8/9 (88.9%) vs. 6/15 (40.0%); odds ratio (OR)=10.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01-588.24; P=0.049] or 16 microg/mL [7/8 (87.5%) vs. 1/6 (16.7%); OR=22.89, 95% CI 1.19-1880.78; P=0.03]. Thus, administration of PIP/TAZ by continuous infusion may be considered more effective than intermittent infusion for the treatment of VAP caused by Gram-negative bacteria when the MIC of the microorganism responsible for VAP is 8-16 microg/mL in patients without renal failure.
PMID: 19150225 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]