Effect on quality of life of different accelerated diagnostic protocols for management of patients presenting to the emergency department with acute chest pain.
Am J Cardiol. 2009 Mar 1;103(5):592-7
Authors: Nucifora G, Badano LP, Sarraf-Zadegan N, Karavidas A, Trocino G, Scaffidi G, Pettinati G, Astarita C, Vysniauskas V, Gregori D, Ilerigelen B, Fioretti PM
This study assessed the effects on quality of life (QoL) of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DASE) and electrocardiogram exercise testing (EET) accelerated diagnostic protocols for early stratification of low-risk patients with acute chest pain (ACP). A total of 290 patients with ACP, a nondiagnostic electrocardiogram, and negative biomarkers were randomly assigned to an accelerated diagnostic protocol (DASE, n = 110, or EET, n = 89) or usual care (n = 91) and followed up for 2 months. QoL was assessed at discharge and 2-month follow-up using the Nottingham Health Profile questionnaire. Baseline and 2-month follow-up answers to the Nottingham Health Profile questionnaire were available for 207 patients (71%; 55 in the usual-care, 77 in the DASE, and 75 in the ETT arm). At predischarge, patients in the usual-care arm reported higher impairment in the physical mobility and pain dimensions compared with the DASE and EET arms (p = 0.019 and p = 0.023, respectively). At 2-month follow-up, QoL improved in all groups; however, patients in the usual-care arm had significantly worse scores than patients managed using accelerated diagnostic protocols in the physical mobility, pain, social isolation, emotional reactions, and energy level dimensions (p = 0.014, p = 0.002, p = 0.04, p = 0.01, and p = 0.003, respectively). In conclusion, low-risk patients with ACP had non-negligible impairment of QoL in the acute phase. Emergency department ADPs with early DASE and EET reduced QoL impairment at both baseline and 2-month follow-up.
PMID: 19231318 [PubMed - in process]