A novel housestaff educational model for quaternary-care patients at an academic health center.
Acad Med. 2009 Feb;84(2):206-11
Authors: Lai JC, Montero A, Lebwohl B, Brown RS
PURPOSE: Work hour restrictions, external pressure to reduce hospitalization costs, and rising inpatient acuity have prompted a variety of changes in the ward-based educational models traditionally employed in residency training. The impact of these changes remains largely unstudied. METHOD: The authors collected data retrospectively on hospital patients with advanced liver disease before (July 1, 2003, to May 31, 2004) and after (July 1, 2004, to May 31, 2005) implementation of a novel specialized housestaff service (SHS) model for those patients, supervised by a multidisciplinary hepatology team led by an attending hepatologist. The authors also assessed the satisfaction of the 118 internal medicine residents who had rotated through both the SHS model and a traditional housestaff service (THS) in cardiology. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, there was a trend toward a reduction in mean length of stay (LOS) after implementation of the liver service that did not meet statistical significance (P = .1). After adjustment for patient acuity and Model-for-End-Stage-Liver-Disease score, implementation of the liver service was associated with a statistically significant reduction in LOS (P = .05). In contrast, during the study period, there was an increase in LOS on a comparable, nonspecialized medicine housestaff ward even after adjustment for patient acuity (P < .01). With respect to housestaff satisfaction, 90% of housestaff reported being satisfied overall with their experience caring for patients under the SHS model, with a mean score of 4.1 on a 5-point scale. CONCLUSION: The implementation of the SHS model of patient care is associated with a decreased LOS and increased trainee satisfaction when compared with the THS model of patient care.
PMID: 19174667 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]