Treatment of hypertension in the elderly.
Geriatrics. 2008 Oct;63(10):21-5
Authors: Aronow WS
Numerous double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled studies have shown that antihypertensive drug therapy reduces cardiovascular events in elderly persons. In the Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial, patients aged 80 years and older treated with antihypertensive drug therapy had, at 1.8-year follow-up, a 30 percent reduction in fatal or nonfatal stroke, a 39 percent reduction in fatal stroke, a 21 percent reduction in all-cause mortality, a 23 percent reduction in death from cardiovascular causes, and a 64 percent reduction in heart failure. The goal of treatment of hypertension in elderly persons is to lower the blood pressure to less than 140/90 mmHg and to less than 130/80 mmHg in older persons with diabetes or chronic renal insufficiency. All antihypertensive drugs may predispose the elderly person to develop symptomatic orthostatic hypotension and postprandial hypotension and syncope or falls. Adverse effects depend upon the antihypertensive drugs used, the doses of these drugs, the comorbidities in the elderly patients taking these drugs, and drug-drug interactions.
PMID: 18828653 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]