Is oral L-acyl-carnitine an effective therapy for hepatic encephalopathy? Review of the literature.
Dig Dis Sci. 2008 Sep;53(9):2330-3
Authors: Shores NJ, Keeffe EB
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with advanced chronic liver disease. Current therapies are associated with inconvenient side-effects, high cost, and incomplete efficacy. The quanternary ammonium compound L-acyl-carnitine has been suggested as a potent, low-cost, and safe alternative therapy for patients with cirrhosis and HE. A systematic review of the literature assessing the use of carnitine in the treatment of HE identified three high-quality human trials for review. Analysis of the selected carnitine trials compared to currently accepted therapies suggests that L-acyl-carnitine is promising as a safe and effective treatment for HE, and further trials of this drug are warranted.
PMID: 18270833 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]