Acute pancreatitis: etiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and therapy.
Med Clin North Am. 2008 Jul;92(4):889-923, ix-x
Authors: Cappell MS
Acute pancreatitis is a relatively common disease that affects about 300,000 patients per annum in America with a mortality of about 7%. About 75% of pancreatitis is caused by gallstones or alcohol. Other important causes include hypertriglyceridemia, medication toxicity, trauma from endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, hypercalcemia, abdominal trauma, various infections, autoimmune, ischemia, and hereditary causes. In about 15% of cases the cause remains unknown after thorough investigation. This article discusses the causes, diagnosis, imaging findings, therapy, and complications of acute pancreatitis.
PMID: 18570947 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]