Enteral self-expandable metal stent for malignant luminal obstruction of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract: a prospective multicentric study.
J Clin Gastroenterol. 2008 Apr;42(4):389-94
Authors: Masci E, Viale E, Mangiavillano B, Contin G, Lomazzi A, Buffoli F, Gatti M, Repaci G, Teruzzi V, Fasoli R, Ravelli P, Testoni PA
BACKGROUND: Self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) are used to treat malignant stenosis of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, as a safe, feasible, and minimally invasive option for reestablishing luminal patency. However, the literature offers scant prospective data on the clinical outcome of these patients. AIM: To assess the technical success, complications, and clinical outcomes of patients with a SEMS placed for malignant upper and lower GI obstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 110 patients with clinical symptoms related to malignant stenosis of the upper and lower GI tract were prospectively enrolled and SEMSs were placed endoscopically in 9 endoscopy centers. The patients were followed up and survival, oral intake, stool canalization, and late complications were recorded on days 30, 90, and 180. RESULTS: Overall, 110 patients, 38 (34.5%) with upper and 72 (65.5%) with lower GI obstruction were examined. The procedure was successful in 102 (92.7%). There were 5 early complications (<96 h) (4.5%). Late complications (>96 h) occurred in 6 patients (6.3%). Median survival after stenting was 90 days (q1 30; q3 120). Placing the SEMS enabled 79.4%, 90.9%, and 100% of the patients to resume an oral diet at 30, 90, and 180 days, respectively. All patients had stool canalization until death. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic stenting is an effective and safe procedure for malignant luminal obstruction of the GI tract, with good clinical outcomes in patients whose survival is unfortunately short.
PMID: 18277900 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]