Cardiac troponin I elevation in hospitalized patients without acute coronary syndromes.
Am J Cardiol. 2008 May 15;101(10):1384-8
Authors: Blich M, Sebbag A, Attias J, Aronson D, Markiewicz W
Increase of cardiac troponins occurs in a variety of clinical situations in the absence of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Few data exist regarding the incidence, clinical characteristics, and predictive value of various cardiac diagnostic tests and outcome of patients with a non-ACS-related troponin increase. We studied 883 consecutive hospitalized patients with increased cardiac troponin I levels. The discharge diagnosis was reclassified and troponin increase attributed to ACS or another process. Clinical data and results of cardiac diagnostic tests were collected. Patients were followed for a median of 30 months. Three hundred eleven patients were classified as having a non-ACS-related troponin increase (35.2%). An alternative explanation for troponin increase was found in 99% of these patients. Troponin level had poor accuracy in discriminating patients with and without ACS (area under the receiver operating characteristics curve 0.63). Coronary angiography was frequently unhelpful in excluding a non-ACS-related troponin increase because 77% of patients in the non-ACS group had significant flow-limiting coronary artery disease. Patients with non-ACS-related troponin increase had significantly higher in-hospital (hazard ratio 2.8, 95% confidence interval 2.0 to 3.8) and long-term (hazard ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.6 to 2.5) mortalities compared with patients with ACS. In conclusion, cardiac troponin level is frequently increased in hospitalized patients in the absence of an ACS and portends poor short- and long-term outcomes. Most of these patients have an alternative explanation for cardiac troponin increase. Cardiac diagnostic procedures are frequently unhelpful in excluding a non-ACS-related troponin increase.
PMID: 18471446 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]